Thứ Ba, 5 tháng 4, 2016

Cassava News 135

The good friend of cassava farmers in Asia

Tiến sĩ Joe Tohme, tiến sĩ Reinhardt Howeler, tiến sĩ Chareinsuk Rojanaridpiched và tiến sĩ Claude Fauquet. Những bạn tốt của nông dân trồng sắn châu Á. (Ảnh:CIAT blog) Chúc mừng từ Việt Nam đến những bạn tốt của nông dân trồng sắn châu Á. Greetings from Vietnam to the good friend of cassava farmers in Asia. Danh dự cho những đóng góp lớn an ninh lương thực ở Đông Nam Á. see more...

Honor for major food security contributions in Southeast Asia

19 January, 2016 by (comments)
Two scientists with a long history of collaboration with CIAT have been honored for contributions towards the world’s most widely grown cassava variety – now grown by 60 to 75 percent of all cassava farmers in Thailand and Vietnam – and a key food security crop and source of income throughout Southeast Asia.
At the week-long World Congress on Root and Tuber Crops in Nanning, China this week, Dr. Chareinsuk Rojanaridpiched, formerly of Kasetsart University in Thailand, and CIAT emeritus Dr. Reinhardt Howeler, a soil scientist with more than 20 years of experience in Asia, received the Golden Cassava Award.

Dr. Chareinsuk Rojanaridpiched recived the award for developing the cassava variety Kasetsart 50 (KU 50), cultivated on more than 1 million hectares in Thailand and Vietnam, as well as in large areas of Indonesia, Cambodia, the Philippines and Lao PDR.
Dr. Reinhardt Howeler was recognized for his contributions towards improving soil management practices. He worked directly with farmers throughout the region to ensure widespread adoption of new varieties including KU 50, as well as better crop and soil management, leading to higher yields and farm income.
“I have been very lucky to have worked with researchers and extension workers and farmers who worked hard to adopt new varieties and improved practices, resulting in higher yields and considerable improvements in farmers’ livelihoods,” said Dr. Reinhardt.
“The greatest satisfaction comes from seeing that your work is having an impact on the ground in helping people improve their lives. Receiving the Golden Cassava Award is a great honor and an indication that the value of working with farmers in order to achieve greater food security and improved livelihoods is being recognized as the ultimate goal of our mission.”
The story of cassava in Asia, from root to riches
Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is a carbohydrate source for more than 500 million people globally. It ranks sixth among crops for calorific contribution and is produced as a staple crop in Africa, Asia and South America – accounting for 53%, 33% and 14% of global production, respectively.
Today in Southeast Asia, the crop supports an estimated 40 million mostly poor farmers with less than five hectares. The crop tolerates stress, drought, heat, and can grow in poor soil in marginal upland environments with minimal investment.
During the 1990s, cassava production stagnated largely due to a downward spiral in demand in European animal feed markets for cassava chips and pellets. Cassava yields also stagnated or declined, and attempts to improve local varieties were not successful as a result of lacking cassava genetic diversity in Asia.
Despite the fact that cassava is a vital source of calories and food security in Southeast Asia, especially among poor ethnic minorities, many researchers neglected cassava improvement in favor of other staples such as rice and maize.
Yet, Dr. Chareinsuk Rojanaridpiched and colleagues at Kasetsart University and the Department of Agriculture in Thailand, persevered to develop the highly successful cassava variety KU 50, released in 1992. They used a very well adapted local Thai cassava variety, crossed with one with a genetic background from CIAT’s genebank in Colombia – the largest cassava germplasm collection in the world – to achieve this, drawing on local breeding expertise.
Tapping this diversity of germplasm in Latin America, the researchers evaluated, made many crosses and exchanged germplasm with CIAT’s genebank, where a total of 6,592 accessions from 28 countries, including 883 genotypes of wild species, are conserved using in vitro techniques.
They improved varieties with potential to meet demands in Asia: higher fresh root yields and starch content; improved disease resistance and environmental adaptability. By 2002, Asian breeders had released more than 50 improved varieties including KU 50 in nine countries, with considerable benefits for cassava growers, almost doubling fresh root yields.
In parallel, Dr. Reinhardt Howeler worked with researchers, extension agents and farmers in China, Vietnam, Indonesia, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR and East Timor, to improve soil fertility management and erosion control practices for cassava and enhance the adoption by farmers of improved varieties.
This involved conducting simple trials with farmers in their fields, with local researchers and extension workers, to select and manage practices for their own conditions. Thousands of farmers learned about new, more efficient practices of cultivating cassava through participation in field days, training courses and cross visits, as well as from brochures, and from radio and television interviews.
The work led to widespread adoption of improved varieties and new soil and crop management practices, contributing significantly to rapid yield increases in Asia in the last 15 years. Estimated increases in annual gross income of cassava farmers in Asia due to higher cassava yields in 2009, compared to 1994, were estimated at more than US$1.75 billion.
Asia is today’s leading cassava trader
Thailand and Vietnam are now the world’s leading cassava exporters, with Thailand and Indonesia the region’s biggest producers. With rapid population growth and urban expansion, use of cassava also extends into niche markets, for example in low fat and gluten-free products – a huge opportunity for smallholder farmers, who supply most cassava.
It’s estimated that income accumulated by cassava growers in Thailand from KU 50, between 1993 and 2011, totaled US$1.56 billion dollars. The national economic benefits of investment in cassava production and export continue to improve. In Vietnam alone, cassava currently fetches between 1.3-1.5 billion US$ annually in exports.
Today, 48 CIAT-related cassava varieties in national breeding programs are planted on more than 40 percent of the region’s total cassava-growing area. According to 2015 estimates, the adoption of improved varieties resulting from research involving CIAT and national partners has reached nearly 100% in Thailand and over 90% in Vietnam.
Source: Honor for major food security contributions in Southeast Asia

CSR: BAT, firm partner to boost cassava productivity

National Mirror - ‎3 thg 4, 2016‎
In continuation of its policy of investing in communities to positively impact the lives of smallholder farmers across Nigeria, British American Tobacco Nigeria Foundation, BATNF, recently rehabilitated the Cassava Processing Cottage at Ago-Are, in ...

Business Nigeria Becomes World's Largest Producer of Cassava

Nigerian Bulletin - ‎18 giờ trước‎
Nigeria has become the largest producer of cassava in the world, Mr Audu Ogbeh, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, has said.

A happy, juicy and meaty cassava: The test of a genuine farmer

The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog) - ‎1 thg 4, 2016‎
Once successfully drawn out, the cassava tubers have to be separated from the plant. A fake farmer will jerk the individual tubers off.

Uganda: Long Dry Season, Diseases Affect Cassava Production in Lango - ‎30 thg 3, 2016‎
Cassava farmers and processors in Lango region are suffering a double challenge of sustainably raising quantities of fresh tubers for sale and for industrial processing into products like flour, ethanol and alcohol due to adverse weather and disease ...

BATN Foundation revamps cassava processing centre

The Punch - ‎1 thg 4, 2016‎
As a way of impacting the lives of smallholder farmers across Nigeria, the British American Tobacco Nigeria Foundation recently rehabilitated the Cassava Processing Cottage at Ago-Are, in Atisbo Local Government Area of Oyo State. A statement from the ...

Nigeria: Country Now World's Largest Producer of Cassava - ‎29 thg 3, 2016‎
Nigeria has become the largest producer of cassava in the world with an annual output of 45 million metric tons. The Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mr Audu Ogbeh, has said.

Kibuuku women turn 'boring' cassava into more money

New Vision - ‎28 thg 3, 2016‎
Before you pay a visit to Naome Mwidu Maganda 43, of Kawami village, Kadama sub county, Kibuuku district, it would be difficult to appreciate that with value addition, fresh cassava can be converted into flour within only three hours and earn the ...

Madagascar company imports cassava starch to produce biodegradable bags

AfricaNews - ‎24 thg 3, 2016‎
Plastic bags less than 0.05 millimeters thick have been banned in Madagascar since October last year and a Malagasy company has been importing cassava starch to produce biodegradable alternative bags. At first sight, the bags look like ordinary plastic ...

Nigeria is world's biggest cassava producer

FreshPlaza - ‎31 thg 3, 2016‎
Nigeria is world's biggest cassava producer. Nigeria's Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mr Audu Ogbeh, reports that the country has become the largest producer of cassava in the world, with an annual output of 45 million metric tons.

Cassava brown streak disease devastates Kasese farms

New Vision - ‎24 thg 3, 2016‎
Some of the affected are farmers groups in Mubuku irrigation scheme, Karusandara, Muhokya, Mahango, Maliba, Bugoye, and Kisinga sub- counties.

How to make cassava flour to make cassava fufu

NAIJ.COM - ‎30 thg 3, 2016‎
It is made from cassava flour. Cassava is a plant used in many countries for making of traditional dishes and flour.

'Nigeria Ranks World's Largest Producer of Cassava'

Footprint to Africa - Business and Financial News (press release) (registration) (blog) - ‎30 thg 3, 2016‎
The Nigeria's Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development, Mr. Audu Ogbeh, has said that Nigeria has become the largest producer of cassava in the world with an annual output of 45 million metric tons. Ogbe who was represented by the Minister of ...

Can cassava replace corn in poultry feed? - ‎24 thg 3, 2016‎
A group of researchers in Thailand tracked poultry production results when up to half of birds' diets were replaced with cassava and varying protein levels. They also noted nitrogen amounts in bird manure. The team sought to establish if cassava could ...

Cassava granules boost trading for ARBs, farms

Sun.Star - ‎27 thg 3, 2016‎
AFTER two failed attempts in expanding their product line, the Callawa-Bongan Employees ARB Cooperative (Cabearbco) is hoping to nail it this time with cassava granules, which started last year by supplying B-MEG of San Miguel Corporation. After ...

Cassava supply still short

Fiji Times - ‎25 thg 3, 2016‎
MARKET vendors in the Capital City now have an abundant supply of dalo, however, cassava still remains short in supply. A visit to the Suva Municipal Market and the Bailey bridge market on Thursday confirmed this.

Farmers encouraged to adopt good practices to earn more cash

The Standard Digital News (satire) (press release) (registration) (blog) - ‎17 giờ trước‎
NAIROBI, KENYA: Cassava farmers in Western Kenya and camel milk producers in North Eastern should adopt good practices to earn more from their products.

Separated from her husband by war, Congolese woman makes his favorite dish as a reminder

Press Herald - ‎30 thg 3, 2016‎
Pascaline Lisembe prepares cassava, which is one of her husband's favorite dishes, at her home in Portland. Lisembe is a refugee from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and her husband is stuck in South Africa while she awaits hearings on her asylum ...

China's grain reforms to boost depressed corn processing industry

AG Week - ‎4 giờ trước‎
Chinese imports of cassava hit nearly 10 million tonnes in 2015. "With the drop in domestic corn prices, soft-drink makers will increase their use of corn syrup to help cut costs," said Lief Chiang, an analyst with Rabobank.

Nigeria, China to improve food security in Africa

AfricaNews - ‎13 giờ trước‎
The IITA is committed to working with CATAS to help China fight the scourge of crop pests such as cassava mosaic disease that is economically important to both China and Africa,” Sanginga said.

Europe & Asia Rice Noodles Market Worth $3.6 Billion By 2022: Grand View Research, Inc.

MarketWatch - ‎15 giờ trước‎
Rice noodles contains low salt, negligible amount of fats and minimum additives, which is expected to make it a healthier alternative to other instant noodles including wheat flour, potato starch and cassava starch. Its demand has witnessed significant ...


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