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Update of Food Crops News from 15 July to 16 July, 2014.
VibeGhana: Nigeria releases cassava with higher vitamin A
Three newly improved vitamin A cassava varieties with yellow roots, have been released by the Nigerian government, stepping up efforts to tackle the problem of vitamin A deficiency especially among women and children in the country.
These new varieties were developed jointly by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture IITA and the National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI), the IITA said in a press statement copied to the GNA.
The three varieties, UMUCASS 44, UMUCASS 45, and UMUCASS 46 are the second in the series of pro-vitamin A varieties released in the country, and are commonly known as NR07/0220, IITA-TMS-IBA070593, and IITA-TMS-IBA070539.
The new varieties have a pro-vitamin A content that averages 10 parts per million (ppm) based on fresh roots as compared to the first series (UMUCASS 36, UMUCASS 37, and UMUCASS 38 commonly known as IITA-TMS-IBA011368, IITA-TMS-IBA1371 and IITA-TMS-IBA011412) that were released three years ago with a pro-vitamin A content of between 6-8 ppm.
Dr Peter Kulakow, IITA Cassava Breeder, said that the development of the varieties demonstrates strong collaboration between scientists at NRCRI and IITA, which benefits Nigerian farmers and especially women and children who suffer from vitamin A deficiency.
Afflicting almost 20per cent of pregnant women and about 30 per cent of children, under the age of five, vitamin A deficiency results in stunting in children, and predisposes them to sicknesses such as diarrhea and measles, and even premature death. In pregnant women, vitamin A deficiency results in night blindness and increases the risk of mortality.
Measures to address this deficiency include dietary diversity, fortification, supplementation, and now bio-fortification.
In 2011, researchers from IITA and NRCRI, with funds from HarvestPlus developed the first series of biofortified pro-vitamin A cassava varieties to help reduce the incidence of vitamin A deficiency especially in the rural communities.
Dr Chiedozie Egesi, NRCRI Cassava Breeder, said this newer set of pro-vitamin A cassava varieties will play a role in attaining the goals of the Cassava Transformation Agenda of the Federal Government of Nigeria and help improve cassava food products such as gari, fufu, high quality cassava flour, cassava bread, and starch.
“This new set of pro-vitamin A cassava varieties have increased beta-carotene levels as well as matching agronomic characteristics as an incentive for better farmer adoption,” he added.
Prior to their release, participatory varietal trials involving farmers were conducted across 10 states in Nigeria, the world’s top cassava producer, cutting across the different agro-ecological zones.
The varieties have potential yields of 32–36 tons per hectare; they branch either moderately or profusely and possess yellow roots.
Farmers’ love for the varieties is helping to increase the acceptance of “yellow cassava,” Dr Egesi added.
The next steps to rapidly disseminate the varieties include the rapid production of breeders’ and foundation seed stock so that commercial farmers will have access to these new varieties.
The development of these newer set of provitamin A varieties demonstrates that plant breeders were not resting.
Dr Hernan Ceballos, cassava breeder from CIAT in Colombia has developed biofortified germplasm that IITA breeders are actively using in crosses to select for even higher beta carotene germplasm.
The research was funded by HarvestPlus. Other partners include the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), the Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation (Embrapa), and various Nigerian government agencies. GNA
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Update of Cassava News from 07 June to 04 July, 2014.
The Nigerian government has released three new improved vitamin A cassava varieties with yellow roots in a bid to step up efforts to tackle the problem of vitamin A deficiency especially among women and children.
A few weeks ago, we started the 'Cooking with Cassava' series. The idea is to show that there are a lot of exciting things we can do with food grown locally in Nigeria.
Mozambique is targeting 14.7 million tonnes of cassava this year, an increase of five million tonnes on average for the last five years, state media reported Tuesday.
Nigerian farmers and households can now grow and eat more nutritious cassava following the release of three new varieties that are richer in vitamin A than similarly bio-fortified varieties introduced three years ago.
Cassava production in Mozambique is expected this year to reach 14.7 million tons, which will be an increase of 5 million tons on the average for the last five years, said the Mozambican Ministry for Agriculture.
A FEW months ago, the Federal Government had expressed its intention to begin the implementation of a national policy on cassava bread. Under the arrangement, bread manufacturers are expected to substitute 20 per cent of the wheat flour content of ...
Speaking further, Father Ade-Owoeye, who was represented by Mr Deji Bamigbose, explained that “the program was organised to enlighten farmers on how to promote high-yielding cassava stems, so that farmers could achieve more with little effort.”.
Bridgetown, Barbados 23 June 2014 - In its ongoing effort to address the region's mounting $US4 billion plus annual food import bill, the Food and Agriculture Organization, in close collaboration with other regional agricultural agencies, has ...
The Phnom Penh Municipal Court on Thursday sentenced four men—three in absentia—to one year in jail and ordered them to pay $1,000 total to the Pheapimex Company after finding them guilty of breach of trust for stealing 50 tons of dried cassava, said ...
Speaking at a training/exhibition programme organised by IITA-Pats Farms Projects in Abuja, the institute's representative, Ms. Ronke Popoola, stated that bakers needed to be enlightened on the uses of high-quality cassava flour as this would help to ...
Cassava Farmers Cooperative Union (BCFCU) in Borno, on Sunday, said it had entered into an agreement with Union Bank Plc toward boosting cassava production in the state. The President of BCFCU, Alhaji Al-amin Umara, made the disclosure when he ...
The International Fertiliser Development Centre (IFDC) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Nigerian Breweries and Psaltry International Limited to promote production of cassava in commercial quality. The agreement was aimed at ...
Pupils of the staff school of the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) have donated a cassava processing machine and working shed to Anu Oluwa Cassava Processing Centre, Shasa, Ojoo area of Ibadan metropolis, as part of their ...
Cassava is a source of carbohydrates in many developing tropical countries, after rice and corn. The leaves are often used as a side dish in local cuisine, such as sayur ubi tumbuk, which is famous in Padang, West Sumatra, consisting of delicious ...
WorldStage Newsonline-- International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC), Psaltry International, Ltd., a Nigerian cassava processor and Nigerian Breweries, a subsidiary of Heineken have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to promote ...
Another important product is cassava starch, known in the world trade as tapioca flour. Extracted from the tuber, it is used by a wide variety of industries - food, pharmaceutical, paper, adhesive, textile, mining and other manufacturing industries.
Last year, Kon Tum provincial authorities decided to plant a total of 28,000 hectares of cassava in the province. However, the actual cassava growing area reached 34,000 hectares by the end of the year. In the first four months of 2014 alone, Kon Tum's ...
Joe Issa, Executive Chairman of Cool Group of Companies says in an interview that Cassava can have a significant economic impact in replacing imported wheat through the saving of much needed foreign exchange, creation of business opportunities for ...
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